Ni Yunxia, a second-year master’s degree candidate of Sichuan University. The main research direction is community care.She gained the Bachelor's degree of nursing of Sichuan University in 2013.She has participated in Clinical Practice at Department of Neurology, Respiratory Medicine ,Cardiology, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Emergency Department, Community.She has published several articles which topics cover community diabetes management ,the practice of nursing students in community and health literacy. She has gone to Curtin University to visit to learn in 2014.
Objective:To understand the health problem that students focus on.To explore the intervention methods to improve the health literacy of college students.To evaluate the effect of the intervention.Methods: This pilot study design was single-group pre–post nonexperimental.The intervention was a combination of lectures and self-study format. Intensive classes held eight times in total which was a two-hours lectures once a week.The intervention content including the concept of health literacy, health promotion programs,self-care,etc. The self-study content was arranged according to the students' needs and teaching content. Conveying learning requirements, reference materials through public mailbox.Students can also consult the teacher through public mail, telephone, etc., to solve the health problems encountered. Intervention evaluation consisted of basic health literacy survey and the homework of open questions. The survey content inclued the health knowledge and ideas, healthy lifestyle and healthy behaviors and skills.The preliminary experiments showed the internal consistency of the questionnaire was 0.91. 17 open-questions were designed which involving health status,lifestyle,etc.Students select one of the questions to answer.Result: 912 students have been involved in the project,and 832 students have completed the project full and effectively in reture. Before and after the intervention,the number of students with health literacy has a significant difference(X2=470.2,P=0.000),and various aspect of health literacy has been enhanced(P<0.05),the least improvement was chronic disease prevention(X2=13.3). The first three health issues that students most concerned about were: their health and how to enhance health level;their lifestyle nearly a week;the effect of environment on their health,and the percent were 20.6%,14.3%,14.1%,respectively.Conclusion: The intervention can improve the health literacy level of college students effectively.However,many aspects of health literacy such as chronic disease prevention is difficult to improve and the behavior is difficult to change,so it is necessary to carry out special studies.
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) has been extensively studied in industrial work environments. With the advent of new technologies, loud music has been increasingly affecting listeners outside of the industrial setting; Most research on the effects of music and hearing loss has focused on classical musicians. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between the amount of experience a professional pop/rock/jazz musician has and objective and subjective variables of the musician's hearing loss. This study also examined professional pop/rock/jazz musicians’ use of hearing protection devices in relation to the extent of their exposure to amplified music. Forty-four pop/rock/jazz musicians were interviewed using the Pop/Rock/Jazz Musician’s Questionnaire (PRJMQ) in order to obtain self-reported symptoms of tinnitus and hyperacusis. Forty-two of the subjects were also tested for air-conduction hearing thresholds in the frequency range of 1-8 kHz. Results show that professional pop/rock/jazz musicians’ extent of exposure to amplified music was related to both objective and subjective variables of hearing loss: greater musical experience was positively linked to higher hearing thresholds in the frequency range of 3-6 kHz and to the subjective symptom of tinnitus. Weekly hours playing were found to have a greater effect on hearing loss in comparison to years playing. Use of hearing protection was not linked to the extent of exposure to amplified music. It is recommended that further research be conducted with a larger sample, in order to gain a greater understanding of the detrimental effects of of hours playing over years playing.